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Guidelines

Member-In-Training Complete Guide

The guide is divided into 4 main sections:

  1. Introduction explains the reasoning behind this guide.
  2. Framework explains the guidelines in more detail, especially concerning what may be considered appropriate engineering/geoscience work experience for an Engineer-in-Training (EIT) or a Geoscientist in Training (GIT).
  3. The Registration Process explains the process through which EIT's and GIT's become Professional Engineers and Professional Geoscientists in New Brunswick. 
  4. The Role of the Board of Admissions gives an overview of the function of the Board of Admissions.

Introduction

The Association of Professional Engineers and Geoscientists of New Brunswick is charged with the regulation of all Professional Engineers (P.Eng.’s) and Professional Geoscientists (P.Geo.’s) in the Province. The Association is obligated to protect the public as defined in the Engineering and Geoscience Professions Act and Bylaws. Secondly, the individual responsibilities of Professional Engineers and Professional Geoscientists toward the general public, their colleagues, and their employer are also defined by the regulations set out by the Act and By Laws. Together, these documents serve to define the practice of engineering and geoscience in New Brunswick. It is strongly advised that all Engineers-in-Training (EIT’s) and Geoscientists-in-Training (GIT’s) (or Members-in-Training) obtain a copy of these documents.

The engineering and geoscience professions expect a certain level of continued competency in order to improve the overall practice in the field. It is up to the P.Eng. or P.Geo. to decide whether he/she has the necessary training to complete a given task. If the P.Eng. or P.Geo. believes that he/she does not have sufficient training, it is up to the individual to leave the task for a more qualified professional in his/her field. Thus, engineering and geoscience are self-regulating professions.

For this reason, a minimum period of work experience is required for the Member-in-Training (MIT) to not only gain experience but also to apply his/her knowledge in the field. This will in turn allow the MIT to understand what is required of them for certain tasks and allow them to make sound judgments based on their own personnel qualifications.

We believe that this level of judgment can only be attained through direct association with one or more professional colleagues.

For this reason, the Association of Professional Engineers and Geoscientists of New Brunswick decided to publish and distribute an outline of the type of experience that we deem necessary during the MIT training stage. This document is meant for three principal groups:

  • The Member-in-Training (MIT)
  • The P.Eng. or P.Geo. who acts as a supervisor or mentor for the MIT 
  • The MIT’s employer

This document aims to help clarify the requirements for the engineering and/or geoscience work experience.

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Framework

This guide aims to present a framework for what is considered acceptable engineering/geoscience work experience. This framework is not done on a point system. In order to effectively evaluate an MIT’s work experience, the following criteria must be followed:

  • It should be a well rounded work experience program. Some experience in each of the 5 categories is highly desirable; however, it is recognized that some MIT’s may not be fully exposed to all of the 5 categories.
  • It is important that the MIT acquire an understanding of his/her limitations related to the practice of engineering/geoscience. 
  • The MIT must show a progression into work of greater complexity and responsibility.

Each area of the framework will be explored in more detail in the next section of the guide.

Experience in the practice of engineering/geoscience may be divided into a number of distinct categories. MIT’s should be exposed to, and gain hands-on experience with, each of these categories covered within the following broad framework to get a well-rounded work experience program.

NOTE: Some experience in each of the 5 categories is highly desirable, however, it is recognized that some MIT’s may not be fully exposed to all of the five categories.

Geoscience specific examples will be bolded.

  1. Practical Experience
  2. Application of Theory
  3. Management
  4. Communication Skills 
  5. Social Implications

Practical Experience

After obtaining their bachelor degrees where theories are applied in laboratory settings, Members-in-Training (MIT’s) should be put in contact with the practical limits that define their specialty. It is only by using both the application of theory and practical experience together that they can reach they goal, the “best preservation of the natural resources to the benefit of humanity.” (Britannica)

The Association recommends that Practical Experience should include, but not necessarily be limited to the following categories:

Exposure to engineering/geoscience works through:

  • Field work
  • Trips and visits to equipment or systems in both the operational and maintenance modes during the manufacturing or construction (including exploration camps, drilling rigs, mines, quarries, geophysical exploration projects, environmental assessment projects, and soil & ground-water exploration and remediation projects.)

Application of the component as post of the larger system including:

  • Understanding the end product of engineering/geoscience work and the means to achieve it.
  • Understanding the requirement for reliability 
  • Understanding the role of computer software to the total engineering/geoscience work

Limitations:

  • Productions and/or construction
  • Value engineering 
  • Tolerances of manufacture 
  • Maintenance philosophy 
  • Performance minimums
  • Tradesperson's/craftsperson's ability to produce, including exposure to the craftsperson's and the end uses 
  • The relationship between software and equipment as the system operator 
  • The effects of climate and weather, scheduling, logistics, financial and budgetary constraints, and regulatory consideration on the implementation of geoscience programs, as well as the practical limits of geoscience techniques, and the development of reasonable expectations for the performance of equipment, systems, and people engaged in geoscience projects.

Timeframes:

  • Work flow process
  • Wear out/replacement schedules

Surveying and Mapping

Application of Theory

To become a P.Eng. or P.Geo., the MIT must be able to apply the technical training learned through the study of engineering/geoscience theory to engineering/geoscience projects, so that optimal solutions are developed and implemented. It is important to gain a varied exposure to engineering/geoscience experience.

While enrolled as an MIT, it is important that the MIT acquire engineering/geoscience experience that touches on different techniques so that the MIT is exposed to more than simply routine situations. It is through this approach that the MIT will add to his or her skill and knowledge set. This will also demonstrate to the MIT the necessity of keeping up to date with emerging technologies in his or her field.

A representative list of activities to which an MIT could apply learned theory might include:

Analysis:

  • Scope and operating conditions;
  • Compatibility and interface issues;
  • Technological assessment; 
  • Safety and environmental factors or issues; 
  • Economic assessment.

Design:

  • Structural analysis;
  • Functionality or product specification; 
  • Reliability factors; 
  • Maintenance features; 
  • Component selection; 
  • Integration of sub-components into a complete working system; 
  • Environmental factors.

Testing Methods:

  • Testing methodology and techniques, and their limitations;
  • Verification of functional specifications for a new product; 
  • New technology commissioning and assessment..

Implementation Methods:

  • Engineering/geoscience cost studies;
  • Technology application; 
  • Control systems optimization; 
  • Quality assurance program methodology; 
  • Safety problem identification and recommendation; 
  • Process flow and time studies; 
  • Environmental issues; 
  • Maintenance and replacement evaluation of engineering works.

Geoscience:

  • Training and familiarization
  • Technical experience 
  • Development of geological concepts, (e.g. preparation of reports concerning deposits of rock, minerals, or other naturally-occurring earth materials) 
  • Mapping and systematic geoscience evaluations (with specific reference to bedrock, unconsolidated earth materials, and/or snow, ice, ground-water, surface water and constituents thereof) 
  • Identification of geological hazards and the risk to the public and the environments

Management

Management covers a wide area of an engineer’s/geoscientist’s work, and it is not only the supervision of staff. Project management, including the social management of the technology, is an essential part of an engineer’s/geoscientist’s knowledge base.

The following components of management experience should be taken as a representative framework:

Planning:

  • Concept development;
  • Identification of requirements; 
  • Assessing the resources required and available. 
  • Acquisition of the necessary permits and clearances from responsible authorities

Scheduling :

  • Developing activity / task schedules;
  • Determining interactions and constraints; 
  • Allocation of resources; 
  • Assessing the impact of delays; 
  • Interaction with other projects; 
  • Interaction with the market place.

Budgeting:

  • Development of conceptual budget;
  • Development of detailed budget, including estimates of labour, material, and overhead; 
  • Risk assessment of cost escalation potential; 
  • Review of budget in light of changes.

Supervision:

  • Leadership and professional conduct;
  • Organization of personnel 
  • Team building 
  • Management of technology 
  • Implementation of adequate safety precautions

Project control:

  • Understanding elements of the project as it relates to the total project;
  • Coordinating the phases of project work; 
  • Monitoring of expenditure and schedule and taking appropriate action; 
  • Performance measurement.

Risk assessment:

  • Operating equipment and system performance;
  • Product performance; 
  • Social and environmental impacts; 
  • Field conditions at geoscience projects 
  • Economic impacts.

Communication Skills

The rapid expansion of technology has made it more and more important to be able to communicate effectively. This applies to all aspects of the work environment, and includes communication with employers, employees, government regulators, clients and the general public. It is important that a professional engineer/geoscientist be able to communicate concerning his or her work both orally and in written form. Typical forms of communication for the practicing engineer/geoscientist include:

Written Reports:

  • An MIT should be given an opportunity to prepare written reports (including record keeping), including participation in larger reporting tasks being undertaken by the organization or unit in which he or she works.

Oral Reporting:

  • This form of communication may include reports to superiors; reports to senior management; or exposure to, or participation in, reports to clients or regulatory authorities.

Public Speaking:

  • If the opportunity arises, an MIT should be exposed to, or allowed to participate in, presentations on behalf of the organization to the public.

Communication with Fellow Employees:

  • Opportunities should be given for an MIT to communicate information on behalf of the organization to other employees. It is important to communicate directly to the MIT comments on his or her progress, and to suggest to him or her seminars or other means of improving his or her skills.

For, the GIT, the candidate should also demonstrate proficiency in the ability to present ideas in the form of geological maps, cross-sections, and other geoscience drawings.

Social Implications of Engineering & Geoscience

An important facet of the engineering and geoscience professions is an understanding of the social implications of engineering works. This understanding should include:

  • An awareness of an engineer’s/geoscientist's professional responsibility to guard against all conditions dangerous or threatening to life, limb or property, and to call any such conditions to the attention of the responsible.
  • An awareness of potential impacts, both positive and negative, of the projects with which the engineer/geoscientist is involved. This should include an understanding of:
  • the safeguards in place to protect the public and mitigate adverse impacts;
  • the quality assurance measures involved with the manufacture of products;
  • an awareness of the value of engineering works and/or geoscience to the public;
  • an understanding of the safety and/or economic consequences to both the public and employer/client of the work being carried out;
  • knowledge of the interface between the engineering/geoscience organization and the public when communicating the impacts and benefits of engineering/geoscience works, and
  • or a recognition of the significant role of regulatory agencies in the practice of geoscience, and a demonstrated interest in the wider social implications of engineering/geoscience, through attendance at public meetings, or seminars sponsored by the MIT’s organization.
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Registration Process

This section briefly describes the process which an MIT must follow to become registered as a P.Eng. or P.Geo. in New Brunswick.

The steps to becoming registered are:

  1. Completion of an undergraduate degree in engineering or geoscience from an accredited university program or other academic or technical institution recognized by APEGNB's Council. Applicants who do not have a undergraduate degree which is recognized by Council may write a series of examinations as determined by the Board of Examiners.
  2. A completed application form for Professional Engineer or Professional Geoscientist designation returned to APEGNB. 
  3. Successful completion of the Professional Practice Exam. 
  4. Four years of acceptable engineering or geoscience experience. ALL 48 months must be attested by a P.Eng. or a P.Geo. who has direct knowledge of the work experience. (The Logbook and/or Mentorship program are designed to facilitate this.) 
  5. A minimum of three (3) references from P.Eng.’s or P.Geo.’s. 
  6. Approval of application for P.Eng./P.Geo. status by the Board of Admissions.

Application forms are available at the APEGNB office at 183 Hanwell Road, Fredericton, New Brunswick, or on this website under “Applications”, or by emailing . Staff are able to help with the application process. The telephone number of the office is (506) 458-8083.

Four (4) years of experience minimum in engineering or geoscience must be completed before application for P.Eng./P.Geo. status can be made. It is essential that all 48 months be attested to by a registered P.Eng. or P.Geo. At least one of the engineers or geoscientists should be registered with APEGNB.

It is preferable that the Member-in-Training works under the direct supervision of a P.Eng. or P.Geo. during his or her usual work. This supervisor is then well set up to act as a reference to this experience . In cases where the MIT does not work under the usual supervision of a P.Eng. or P.Geo., it behooves the MIT to join the Mentorship Program. (For information on this program, contact Stamatia Baker at or call 506 458-8083.)

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Role of the Board of Admissions

The Board of Admissions of APEGNB reviews and decides whether or not the candidate meets the requirements of registration in the interest of public safety.

The main document on which the Board of Admissions bases its evaluation is that which is filled out by the applicant, the Application Form. An important part of this form is the Occupational History section, which must be accompanied by clear timeframes. Upon receipt of the application form, reference forms will be sent out to the supervisors so that they can attest to the experience. It should be noted that, not only must the timeframes be signed off, but also the supervising Professional Engineer or Geoscientist must affix his or her stamp to the reference form.

When attesting to experience, the supervising P.Eng. or P.Geo. is responsible to ensure:

  • that each timeframe of experience which is attested meets the requirements for acceptable experience in engineering or geoscience,  using the above guidelines, and
  • that he or she is keeping up to date on the details of the MIT’s work experience through direct supervision and continuous contact with the MIT.

The Board of Admissions puts much weight on the appropriate attestation of work experience by the supervisor of the applicant. In this context, the guidelines in this document help the Admissions Committee to evaluate to what extent the applicant has with engineering or geoscience practice, and, therefore, his or her suitability for membership. These guidelines should also be used by the supervising P.Eng. and P.Geo.

For more information about the MIT program, contact Stamatia Baker at APEGNB by phone at 506 458-8083 or by email at

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